General Information for Public Meetings / Processions
(include notifiable and notified public order events only)

  • Legal requirements applying to public meetings or processions under S.11(1) or S.15(1) of Public Order Ordinance (Cap.245)
  • Legal basis for imposing conditions by the Commissioner of Police for public meetings or processions under S.11(2) or S.15(2) of Public Order Ordinance (Cap.245)
  • Appeal mechanism in respect of public meetings and processions under S.16 of Public Order Ordinance (Cap.245)
  • Remarks (for example, a reminder to the organizer of his duty to obtain permission from the appropriate authority to use a venue)
  • Notes to Organizers

  • (A) Role and General Requirements of Marshals

    1.   Assist the organizer to maintain order during the event; and
    2.   Take reasonable measures to ensure the safety of the participants.

    General Requirements

    1. The marshals should be clearly identified by coloured coats, vests, caps or arm-bands;
    2. Be conversant with facilities and layout of the venue, and the activities to be conducted;
    3. Be conversant with the conditions imposed, if any, by the Police under the Public Order Ordinance (Cap. 245);
    4. Be equipped with communication device and/or loudhailer as far as practicable;
    5. Inform the Police and appeal to those related people not to do anything illegal if it is anticipated that public order or public safety may be jeopardized;
    6. Priority should be to given to take care of young persons, the elderly, the disabled or anyone in need, if necessary;
    7. Assign a ‘head marshal’ who will be a contact person and maintain close liaison with the Police;
    8. Comply with all lawful orders given by the Police;
    9. Control the volume of any amplification device so that it would not exceed the tolerable level of a reasonable person;
    10. Assist the Police to manage the crowd; and
    11. Assist the organizer to clean up the venue upon conclusion of the event.

    (B) Other relevant legislation and advisory notes

    The organizer of public meeting/public procession should take note of the followings, whenever applicable:

    1. The organizer should apply to other organizations for permission to use locations or premises under their administration.
    2. The organizer or, if he is not present, a person nominated by him to act in his place, should with due diligence appeal to all participants to comply forthwith with any direction given to them by any police officer, and obey the existing laws and regulations, in particular:

    • Intimidation: Under Section 24 of the Crimes Ordinance, Cap. 200, any person shall not threaten any other person with injury to their person, reputation or property, with intention to alarm the person so threatened;

    • Defilement of National or SAR Flags or Emblems: Under Sections 7 of the National Flag and National Emblem Ordinance, and the Regional Flag and Regional Emblem Ordinance, any person shall not desecrate a national or regional flag or emblem by publicly and wilfully burning, mutilating, scrawling on, defiling or trampling on it;

    • Bonfires: Under Section 4(14) of the Summary Offences Ordinance, Cap. 228, any person shall not wantonly or negligently make any bonfire to the damage or danger of any person;

    • Road Traffic: any person shall observe the provisions of the Road Traffic Ordinance, Cap. 374, Public Bus Services Ordinance, Cap 230 and the related subsidiary legislation (e.g. No passenger shall stand on the upper deck of a bus while the bus is moving) at all times;

    • Vehicles: Under the provisions of the Road Traffic Ordinance, Cap 374 and the related subsidiary legislation, all vehicles participating in the event should be roadworthy;

    • Fund Raising: any person shall not conduct any fund raising, flag selling or exchange activities unless with a permit from either the Director of Social Welfare or the Secretary for Home Affairs under Section 4(17) of the Summary Offences Ordinance, Cap. 228;

    • Hawking: any person shall not hawk contravening Sections 5 or 10 of the Hawker Regulation under the Public Health and Municipal Services Ordinance, Cap. 132AI, unless with a licence issued by the Food and Environmental Hygiene Department;

    • Noise: Under Section 5 of the Noise Control Ordinance, Cap. 400, any person who at any time in any domestic premises or public place plays or operates any musical or other instrument, the noise of which is a source of annoyance to any person commits an offence;

    • Lion/Dragon/Unicorn Dance: Under Section 4C of the Summary Offences Ordinance, Cap. 228, any person who organizes or participates in a lion dance, dragon dance or unicorn dance, or any attendant martial arts display, in a public place save under and in accordance with the conditions of any such general or special permit as from the Commissioner of Police in his absolute discretion may issue, is guilty of an offence;

    • Posters: Under Section 104A of the Public Health and Municipal Services Ordinance, Cap. 132 and Section 4A of the Summary Offences Ordinance, Cap. 228, unless with a written approval from the landlord or occupants, any person shall not post posters/notice or the like on the wall of any building, or abandon the same in any public place causing obstruction; and

    • Graffiti: Under Section 8 of the Summary Offences Ordinance, Cap. 228, any person shall not write upon, soil, deface or mark any building or wall with chalk or paint without the permission of the owner or occupier of the building.